provide a technical review of research on adhesive penetration, and to promote the efficient use by understanding the fundamentals of adhesive penetration.
Adhesive bond performance between wood elements is presumed to be significantly influenced by the degree of penetration of the adhesive into the porous.
After determining the hardening characteristics of the adhesives, we evaluate the bond line morphologies, and the adhesive penetration into the wood structure.
Description. Woodworkers know that wood is porous in that adhesive flows into lumens for a mechanical interlock (1) and that wood absorbs water, allowing the.